I have added these pages to my website to show you some of the common designs in Persian rugs. Among the hardest to find and very popular design in Persian rugs is the Gonbad pattern, which is also referred as the dome shaped design. The Gonbad design is inspired by the inside ceilings of large buildings such as bazaars and mosques, which typically feature colorful and geometric ceilings with very detailed artwork or tiles. This popular design typically comes in several different Gonbad pattern and below you will see a few examples and some added insight.
The Gonbad design has been found in middle eastern architecture going back well over 2000 years and even though you may not have heard of its name, the design pattern will become obvious when you see it in real life. Here are a few examples of places where it is common to see it in the ceilings and the facade of famous places.
The Gonbad design got its start in Persian rugs around the early 1980's by the weavers in Tabriz and would often feature this symmetric dome pattern in very fine Tabriz rugs. While at the start the majority of Gonbad Persian rugs were Tabriz rugs, the popularity of the Gonbad design has led to it becoming also presents in other types of fine Persian rugs like the Nain, Isfahan, Qum and Kashmir carpets. Please note though that due to the difficulty in weaving geometric designs like the Gonbad design, only a small percentage of weavers have the skills to make rugs with this design and it is common to find this design in only high quality Persian rugs.
The Gonbad design was first popularized in Persian rugs by the weavers in Tabriz and as a result, the majority of Gonbad Persian rugs are Tabriz rugs like the three examples above. Even though the design is now being copied by many other weavers and is now also found in Indian and Chinese rugs, the most classic example of the geometric design is found in high quality Tabriz rugs. Due to the difficulty in weaving geometric designs like the Gonbad design, only a small percentage of weavers have the skills to make rugs with this design and it is common to find this design in only high quality Persian rugs.
This variation of the Gonbad design is by far the most popular pattern that I'm fortunate to be to offer and the leaf design is also popular in other types of Persian rugs such as the pure silk Qum rugs at at times in high quality Nain rugs. As you can see in the pictures, the pattern starts out in the center with a round medailion and then works its way out with the leaf pattern that become larger as you move away from the center. This Gonbad design is by far the most challenging one to make as the attention to symmetry is an absolute priority and the weaver has to be extremely well trained to achieve the proper look.
With the growing competion from rug manufacturers in India and elsewhere, some Gonbad weavers in Iran have decided to venture out and try out new variations and here are a few examples. These Gonbad inspired designs tend to be very hard to find and are typically only made by a handful of masterweavers who have the skills to make such amazing Persian rugs. While the geometric designs is obvious in all of these masterpieces, a great deal of attention is also given to the quality and workmanship. As a result, most of these rare Gonbad rugs are considered to be masterpieces and are often amongst the finest Persian rugs you will find.
The 16 minute video I made for you will give you some added information about the Gonbad design, its history and examples of various Persian rugs with the Gonbad design.